African Swine Fever is an infectious viral disease. It is a complex DNA virus that is highly infectious and often fatal for pigs. The illness originated in Africa, but has been making its way towards the European Union from Russia and Ukraine since 2007.
The illness originated in Africa. In 1921, the virus was first described in Kenya. In 1986, a fattener and sow farm in South Holland was infected.
Since 2017, the illness has been travelling through areas like the Caucasus, Russia, and Ukraine towards the European Union. In 2017, the ASF was discovered at a Czech farm. It was a significant discovery, considering that the nearest infected farm was 400 km away. It was also unsettling that the number of reports exceeded 100 over a short period of time. In early June 2018, a pig farm in Poland had to clear out 5,900 pigs and 600 sows. In early July, the virus was detected on a Romanian pig farm with 45,000 animals.